Asthma is prevalent in children below the age of five. This article sheds light on the symptoms, right medications, and effective treatment plans.
This particular health condition is described as chronic inflammation of the air passages to the lungs. The swelling is what brings about breathing difficulties referred to as asthma attacks. The main triggers are colds, allergies, or exercise. To manage the adverse effects of asthma, the triggers are avoided, or drugs are administered.
Children Under 5
Diagnosis and management of asthma among those below five years of age are quite challenging. The situation is even worse among infants. One indicator of the condition is coughing or wheezing. As of now, there are no reliable diagnostic tests that can precisely measure breathing accuracy for that young age. This is what asthma for this age group requires regular observation.
Usually, asthma can be detected in coughing pattern, wheezing, incidences of shortness in breath, or uncomfortable chest feelings. The severity of these symptoms might vary depending on the time of day.
At times, the changes are dictated by the seasons, which can activate some of the triggers. The symptoms can be worsened by colds, activity, exposure to tobacco among other air pathogens, extreme weather changes, and many others.
As mentioned earlier, diagnosis is difficult given the inability to predict breathing patterns accurately. The doctor or pathologist will be compelled to use other crafty techniques, such as viewing the family history. They also check for other symptoms, such as coughing patterns, cases of breathing emergencies, and many more.
Lab tests involve a blood test to determine the white blood cell concentrations. If they are high, it indicates a response to infection. A chest x-ray can be done to reveal changes in the lungs when the asthma is severe. Tests done on allergies indicate whether the child is allergic to given allergens.
The best treatment for asthma in young children requires treating the airways. Daily medication is best suited for preventing such attacks. Only use short-acting drugs to treat asthma attacks while avoiding other effects of asthma triggers. The doctor will use a step-wise approach when treating the child’s asthma condition. The method will be dictated by the varied growth and development changes in different children. Generally, the treatment techniques are summarized as long-term and short-term.
The long-term control requires a daily medication. Types of treatment are inhaled corticosteroids issued according to the National Asthma Education and prevention guidelines. Other modifiers involve treatment that results in stabilizing the management of asthma.
Short-term medication involves bronchodilators that provide instant relief on asthma symptoms and their effects. The effects extend for up to six years. Children who have mild asthma and other short-term medication result in the best treatment options.
To manage asthma, here are some of the action plans that work best at home and among family members:
A comprehensive plan requires arriving at the child’s name and age, emergency contact information, type, dose, and timing, as well as other common asthma triggers.